Intellectual property Rights in Rwanda is governed by the law of the protection of intellectual property No 31/2009 of 26/10/2009.
This law protects the following: inventors, innovators, creators of industrial designs, creators of layout designs used in trade, authors of literary, artistic and scientific works and any other works of an original intellectual creation.
The procedures for protection of industrial property and copyright are essentially similar, however the requirements differ, with some applications more complex than others. The most intricate procedures are for patents of invention and utility models.
The protection includes availability, acquisition, scope, maintenance and use of the rights. It is achieved through a system of transfer of rights or licensing them to other people than the inventor, innovator etc. The protection also includes the interest of the public for third parties to make use of the inventions, innovations etc. for developing new ideas without violating the rights of the creators.